2021’s enacted state laws concerning meals and meals security


With permission, we repost Doug Farquhar’s most up-to-date abstract of meals and meals security legislative actions by states.

By Doug Farquhar, JD

State legislatures launched a number of hundred payments associated to meals throughout their 2021 legislative classes. Virtually each state launched laws concerning meals. From meals supply, hashish, and coronavirus to meals freedom, state legislatures heard about proposed coverage adjustments to meals legal guidelines.

NEHA tracked 382 payments in 36 states, with 73 being enacted in 36 states. Most legislatures have adjourned (aka sine die) for 2021.

NEHA recognized 73 payments enacted by state legislatures within the 2021 legislative session concerning meals security, together with payments associated to retail meals, meals supply, eating places, uncooked milk, and meals freedom legal guidelines.

Hashish in Meals
HB 325 establishes labeling necessities for cannabidiol merchandise.

Nevada enacted SB 114 (2021) that pertains to hemp and authorizes the sale or manufacturing of meals that accommodates hemp at meals institutions. The legislation requires the Division of Well being and Human Companies to undertake laws associated to meals that accommodates hemp and prohibits meals from being deemed as adulterated solely as a result of such meals accommodates hemp.

In Virginia, HB 1430 and SB 918 (2021) create the Industrial Hemp Fund that declares industrial hemp extract as a meals, topics it to statutory necessities, and establishes requirements for the manufacturing of business hemp extract. Industrial hemp is permitted as a meals additive.

Uncooked Milk/Dairy
Alaska enacted HB 22 that pertains to uncooked milk and a shared animal program.

Pennsylvania’s SB 434 offers for milk sell-by and best-by date labeling.

Vermont enacted HB 218 (Act 22) that pertains to the sale of unpasteurized uncooked milk.

Meals Freedom/Cottage Meals
Within the 2021 state legislative classes, 69 payments in 29 states have been associated to cottage meals that relaxed or eradicated meals security necessities for retail meals. In complete, 15 of those payments have been enacted into legislation.

Alabama expanded its cottage meals legislation, permitting for on-line gross sales, eradicating the gross receipts cap, and requiring vitamin labeling (SB 160).

Arkansas additionally expanded its cottage meals legislation to incorporate web gross sales (HB 1118). The state enacted the Meals Freedom Act that exempts producers of home made meals and drinks from licensure, certification, and inspection (SB 248).

California’s AB 831 would require a cottage meals operation that advertises to point that the meals is made or packaged in a house kitchen.

The Colorado legislature enacted SB 21-079 to decontrol meat gross sales. The act permits the sale of meat (rabbit, cattle, elk, sheep, hogs, bison, and goats, however not fish) of a shared animal with out licensure, regulation, or inspection by a public well being company.

Florida expanded its cottage meals operation by growing the annual product sales, providing the sale of cottage meals by means of the mail, and preempting the regulation of cottage meals operations by prohibiting native governments from regulating cottage meals operations (HB 663).

SB 2007 (Public Act 0633) in Illinois requires that cottage meals operations adjust to sure meals security necessities. The legislation requires native well being departments to register cottage meals operations and permits them to pattern water used for such operations. The legislation requires every cottage meals product that’s shipped to be sealed in a way that reveals tampering and prohibits a cottage meals product from being shipped out of state. It additionally exempts from state regulation the sale of non-potentially hazardous baked items by a non secular, charitable, or nonprofit group for fundraising functions. The invoice accommodates a house rule preemption.

The Indiana legislature requested suggestions concerning home-based distributors from state companies (SB 185, P.L. 140).

Montana enacted the Native Meals Alternative Act exempting home made meals producers from state licensure, allowing, certification, and labeling necessities (SB 199, Chap. 04 30).

The New Mexico legislature enacted the Do-it-yourself Meals Act (HB 177, Chap. 98) that establishes labeling necessities and exempts nonhazardous home made meals objects from regulation, in addition to preempts native oversight of home made meals.

Oklahoma enacted HB 1032 that exempts the manufacturing and sale of home made meals merchandise from licensing and different necessities of the State Division of Well being and the Division of Agriculture, Meals, and Forestry. Do-it-yourself meals merchandise shall not embrace alcoholic drinks, unpasteurized milk, or hashish or marijuana merchandise.

In Utah, the legislature enacted HB 94 that enables for microenterprise residence kitchens.

Wyoming expanded its meals freedom legislation by authorizing the sale of eggs and home made meals in accordance with federal exemptions (HB 1118, Chap. 42).

Meals Supply
A complete of 5 states enacted legal guidelines on meals supply.

Arkansas enacted the Honest Meals Supply Act (HB 1426). Meals supply should have an settlement with a meals facility to take meals orders and ship meals orders ready by the meals facility to clients.

Colorado’s SB 21-035 prohibits a third-party supply service from arranging a pickup from a retail meals institution with out their consent.

New Hampshire enacted HB 593 (Chap. 144) that requires meals service supply to enter into an settlement with the meals institution or retail retailer earlier than providing supply service from that institution.

The New Jersey legislature enacted S 2437 (P.L. C 42) that limits service charges charged to eating places by third-party takeout and supply operations throughout COVID-19.

Texas SB 911 pertains to the regulation of eating places and third-party meals supply companies, together with the issuance of alcoholic beverage certificates to eating places.

Meals Deserts
General, 4 payments have been enacted on meals deserts.

Maryland addressed meals deserts (HB 831 and SB 723) by means of the institution of the Meals Security System Resiliency Council to deal with the meals insecurity disaster as a result of pandemic, develop suggestions to extend the long-term resiliency of the meals system, and develop a plan to extend the manufacturing and procurement of state-certified meals by Nov. 1, 2021, (HB 831 and SB 723, Sess. 2021).

Maine enacted LD 691 to help farms and handle meals insecurity.

In Utah, SB 141 requires a process drive on meals safety.

The New York legislature is directing the Commissioner of Agriculture and Markets to provide a report on the state’s farm and meals provide concerning methods to enhance the resiliency of meals provide chain logistics to deal with meals shortages, meals wastes, and the lack to get estate-grown meals items to markets because of the COVID-19 pandemic (AB 952 and SB 1305, Sess. 2021).

Meals Donation and Provide
New York
A 963, S 901 (Chap. 63) pertains to supermarkets offering extra meals to meals reduction organizations.

New York A 1262, SB 878 (Chap. 15) pertains to the state working with the U.S. Division of Agriculture (USDA) to obtain approvals and develop on-line contemporary meals buying choices all through the state.

Texas HB 1276 would enhance entry to bulk meals by permitting foodservice institutions to promote sure client meals merchandise on to a person.

West Virginia amended its state farm invoice (HB 2633, Chap. 7).

Meat Merchandise
Payments in 9 states have been enacted concerning meat merchandise.

Arkansas HB 1315 transfers the state’s meat inspection program to the division of agriculture.

Maine’s LD 66 makes technical adjustments to the legal guidelines governing the preparation of livestock and poultry merchandise for human consumption. The legislation prohibits the sale of horsemeat and limits the sale of meat to “cattle, sheep, swine, goats, or an unique species outlined by the federal act, not deer, rabbits, or equines” (HB 66, Sess. 2021). LD 77 authorizes the Maine Division of Marine Assets to cost an utility payment for coming into a lottery for a scallop license (HB 77, Sess. 2021).

Montana joined the Interstate Cooperative Meatpacking Compact (HB 336, Chap. 05 07).

Nebraska amended its Meat and Poultry Inspection Legislation. LB 324 would permit the acquisition of meat by means of an animal share contract — an possession curiosity in an animal or herd of animals created by a written contract between a client and a farmer or rancher. The meat bought have to be inspected by USDA; nevertheless, the legislation would permit a producer to promote packages of meat to customers beneath a customized exemption in federal legislation.

Virginia’s HB 1353 (Chap. 0318) updates present code concerning the Federal Meat Inspection Act and the Federal Poultry Merchandise Inspection Act. Virginia additionally enacted HB 1448, SB 791 (Chap. 0201) concerning the administration of the menhaden fishery to adjust to the Atlantic States Marine Fisheries Fee Interstate Fishery Administration Plan for Atlantic Menhaden.

Wyoming’s HB 51 (Chap. 155) authorizes a state authorities program to broaden and improve meat processing capabilities. HB 54 (Chap. 44) amends the duties of the Wyoming enterprise council to require help for producers within the agriculture and meat processing trade, expands permissible loans and grants to Wyoming meat producers and processors, and limits state rulemaking authority associated to meat processing.

Micro Markets
enacted SB 20 concerning micro-market meals gross sales. The legislation specifies {that a} “merchandising machine” features a self-service gadget that may be activated by way of a software program utility on a smartphone. The legislation additionally offers that an proprietor or operator of a micro-market should notify the company or native well being division the place the micro-market is situated no later than 10 enterprise days after the set up of the market.

Retail Meals
enacted AB 831, amending its retail meals code by increasing the foodservice features of a charitable feeding operation to incorporate commercially ready hazardous chilly or frozen meals. It additionally would authorize satellite tv for pc meals companies to function inside a everlasting meals facility and makes pushcarts exempt from mechanical exhaust air flow gear necessities.

Oklahoma’s HB 1772 requires the State Board of Well being to supply a multi-seasonal license for snow cone stands that promote scorching drinks along with snow cones.

Texas S.B. 617 defines a “producer,” as an individual who added worth to the meals product the particular person is promoting and clarifies that farmers’ markets should have a majority of their distributors who’re farmers or meals producers promoting meals on to customers. The invoice would recompense farmers’ market distributors for his or her expense in bringing swimsuit to implement the legislation if crucial.

Complement Diet and Help Program (SNAP)
Legal guidelines about SNAP have been enacted in 5 states.

Connecticut’s HB 6385 contains rooster eggs as a part of the state’s Farmers Market/WIC and Senior Diet Program. Hawaii’s SB 512 (Act 177) removes the $10/day cap on the state’s wholesome meals incentive program. The legislation additionally permits well being proteins for buy beneath this system.

The Maryland legislature enacted SB 913 that establishes the Warmth and Eat Program inside SNAP, increasing meals entry and finding out whether or not SNAP recipients will be robotically eligible for the state’s Power Help Program.

New Jersey’s A 4240 (P.L. C 93) offers a technological improve to the SNAP utility course of. The state’s AB 5405 (P.L. C 67) appropriates $10 million to help meals financial institution organizations.

Tennessee’s SB 751 (Chap. 515) establishes fines for sure offenses associated to fraudulently acquiring meals help.

Water Bottle Filling Stations
HB 132 requires newly constructed public faculty buildings to be outfitted with water bottle filling stations.

Editors Word: Doug Farquhar is the director of Authorities Affairs on the Nationwide Environmental Well being Affiliation in Denver.  Farquhar beforehand was the long-time director of the Environmental Well being Program on the Nationwide

NEHA’s Doug Farquhar

Convention of State Legislatures. At NCSL, Farquhar helped develop instruments that improved the non-partisan coverage store’s means to trace state legislative actions in real-time. He was beneficiant in sharing that work with Meals Security Information when he was at NCLS and we’re happy to report he continues to be useful to us at NEHA.

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